Meaning “extension” in Catalan, the Eixample district was established in 1860, following the demolition of the city's medieval walls, as a 19th-century extension of the old town. It houses the largest number of modernist buildings in Barcelona, and is the creation of the Catalan engineer Cerdà, who had a passion for straight lines.
Its majestic avenues allow excellent shopping sprees, especially in the “golden triangle” of Passeig de Gràcia, Rambla de Catalunya and Avinguda Diagonal. With its intersections of perpendicular avenues, it expresses a new vision of the city, and features a number of Art Nouveau masterpieces.
It's easy to get your bearings during your stroll, and you'll find here some of the city's best restaurants, as well as many internationally known bars.